07 jun

Viver em áreas pobres muda tudo na sua vida

Poor Neighborhoods

Esta semana, o portal de notícias Vox publicou um texto perturbador do jornalista Alvin Chang, a respeito das consequências da aplicação de políticas segregacionistas de habitação nos Estados Unidos. O título é o mesmo deste post. O mais interessante é que, apesar de um tema de difícil degustação, ele consegue tornar a compreensão muito mais fácil ao recorrer a uma série de infográficos bem didáticos. Isso, de certa forma, atenua o conteúdo, que é bastante assustador.
De qualquer forma, vale muito a pena dar uma lida no (longo) artigo de Chan e ver que existem algumas similaridades com a nossa realidade. O início do texto segue abaixo. O resto, pode ser encontrado aqui.

“In 1940, a white developer wanted to build a neighborhood in Detroit.
So he asked the US Federal Housing Administration to back a loan. The FHA, which was created just six years earlier to help middle-class families buy homes, said no because the development was too close to an “inharmonious” racial group.
Meaning black people.
It wasn’t surprising. The housing administration refused to back loans to black people — and even people who lived around black people. FHA said it was too risky.
So the next year, this white developer had an idea: What if he built a 6-foot-tall, half-mile-long wall between the black neighborhood and his planned neighborhood? Is that enough separation to mitigate risk and get his loan?”

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We often talk about increasing wealth inequality, with the rich getting richer and poor getting poorer. That’s certainly a problem, but something we should be even more concerned about is what is happening to our neighborhoods. There are now more extremely poor neighborhoods and more extremely rich neighborhoods.

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